by Bruce Hoffman So, this task falls to a small portion of Americans, largely from the third and fourth socio-economic quintiles, to discharge on behalf of a nation of limited-liability patriots. We’ve re-established that force presence there, so you’ve got the full complement of Third Marine Expeditionary Force that’s there with air, ground, and logistics. Tonight marks the 15th time that CFR has hosted the service chiefs. So, today, 330 million Americans lay claim to rights, liberties, and privileges that not one of them is obligated to protect and defend. What I think we’ve done, and we continue to do, is we work with nations who have come to ask us to help them train their force to be able to be able to counteract this. The recommendations include increasing the number of recruiters (the Army already has approximately 9,000), increasing enlistment bonuses (already up to $40,000), expanded use of social media, increased access to high schools for recruiters, and direct commissions for technical specialists. So tell us a little bit about, as you look forward to the size of the force and where we deploy them in the next few years, what are you seeing? Do you agree with that? But the bigger question is, once ISIS is destroyed, then what? I’m Richard Haass. I thought that the enemy, ISIS, had—essentially had the strategic initiative. The team has sort of stood up, organized, and—organized their defenses to become very capable in this. You know, wingmen who can do different tasks for a pilot in an F-35, is an example. Elements within it, sure—Shia militias, the Sadrists, those kind of organizations—but the Iraqi security forces themselves I think are largely loyal to their government and they want to defeat ISIS as well. Yeah. And it’s correct that there’s going to have to be some Sunni ground force. Is Russia a long-term challenge, General Welsh? They approved that. They had what looked like fielded military forces. And I think whatever they’re doing now, they are still a very capable military and they clearly have shown an intent to be disruptive, at least in the region. There’s also new domains from cyberspace, to outer space, to the Arctic. 70% of Millennial military families believe two incomes are vital to their family’s well-being. A number of allegations in recent months regarding questionable ethical behavior-- as well as that which is decidedly unethical -- have afflicted nearly every segment of the armed forces including the Navy, Air Force, National Guard, and the Marines. So if you look at the refugees coming across the Aegean Sea—so we need to anticipate, you know, the movement of people and where will they resettle as we look at rising sea levels, and we need to think long term about this. That is a strategic condition that has not existed in Europe for seven decades. In addition to the measures noted above, numerous pundits, consultants, think tankers and military personnel professionals have recommended measures to enhance recruiting. Thank you, Richard. And so I think both, you know, aircraft, ships, you know, ready to execute those as they fit into the plan. And we’re there to help, assist, advise. And you’re going to have all these other big challenges, and we haven’t gotten to Russia yet as well. “As the Navy … And I’m very confident of the outcome. We’ve got the total Army, so we’re about a million strong in the United States Army. The US military is good at many things, but conspicuously bad at management. So it creates, you know, rules of engagement issues, which for a kinetic fight, you know, are complicated enough. How will President-Elect Joe Biden proceed. Is it more Marines? So it’s not—. Some of the provocative activities of Russian President Vladimir Putin—a Russian fighter plane zooms into Lithuanian territory, a Russian submarine floats in and out of Swedish waters in the Baltic Sea—can we handle these activities beyond cyber monitoring militarily? Let’s turn the question a little bit to resources, something that all five of you have to think about regularly. They’ve been active in there. Some, for sure, to train, advise, assist, enable, to provide some forward advisory effort to bring in fires from either naval or air platforms and to help the Iraqi Security Forces to build up their capabilities, and the Kurdish forces. , 2011... a problem the military and our weaknesses are and they work closely with a,! 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